Of them all, Geronimo is the name most recognized today, over 100 years after his death – perhaps appropriate, given that his small band was the last of the independent  Indian1 warriors who had refused to accept the United States occupation of the American West.


Age 74, ©1June 2, 1903


Photo by Warren Mack Oliver, ©1907


Age 78, ©1906


Photo by H. H. Clark, between 1900 and 1909. Women describe variously as “two nieces” or “a daughter and a niece.”


1907 photo by A.B. Canady, Altoona, Kas.


Trans-Mississippi and International Exposition, Omaha, Nebraska. Photo by Frank A. Rinehart or his assistant Adolph F. Muhr ©1898


With a well-known historical figure such as Geronimo, there is a wealth of information – and misinformation – available online.  Rather recreating any of that here, I will simply offer  Geronimo’s Story of His Life, published posthumously in 1915, opening on page 17, Chapter III, Early Life:

1According to a 1995 U.S. Census Bureau set of home interviews, most of the respondents with an expressed preference refer to themselves as “American Indians” or simply “Indians”; this term has been adopted by major newspapers and some academic groups, but does not traditionally include Native Hawaiians or certain Alaskan Natives, such as Aleut, Yup’ik, or Inuit peoples. (Wikipedia)

Haw Creek Reflections provides background information and links for images used for products in our Zazzle store.

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Additional Information

Apache (Just a sample of what’s available on a Google search on “Apache tribe”)

American Indians

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